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Gynecology

Gynecology deals with issues related to women’s health, reproductive function, intimate sphere. A gynecologist performs a gynecological bimanual examination, prescribes diagnostics, treatment for pathologies. Regular visits to the doctor are an important factor in maintaining a woman’s health, timely treatment of diseases of the female genital area in the early stages.

The Era Esthetic clinic, focused on the health and beauty of women, employs experienced gynecologists who help their patients maintain health and eliminate aesthetic imperfections.

Standard appointment with a gynecologist

A healthy woman should visit a gynecologist at least once a year, take tests. A doctor’s appointment may include the following procedures:

  • Poll, anamnesis, general examination.
  • Palpation of both mammary glands, axillary lymph nodes.
  • Bimanual examination on a gynecological chair.
  • Examination with a gynecological mirror.
  • Smears for flora, STIs, oncocytological examination.
  • Ultrasound.

If a woman has complaints about her health, the doctor may prescribe other diagnostic methods, consultations of related specialists.

12 reasons to visit the gynecologist unscheduled

A visit to the doctor is necessary if unpleasant symptoms are noticed. Early diagnosis can prevent life-threatening complications.

Schedule a visit to the gynecologist in the coming days for:

  • discomfort in the lower abdomen, changes in the nature of the discharge (bloody, purulent, cheesy); the appearance of itching, unpleasant odor;
  • non-menstrual bleeding or heavy periods with red blood;
  • pain of any nature and periodicity; painful intimacy;
  • failures of the menstrual cycle, even minor ones;
  • sensation of a foreign body in the small pelvis;
  • delayed menstruation if pregnancy is suspected;
  • issues of contraception: for the selection of oral contraceptives, finding a suitable option, solving problems with the method of contraception used;
  • spontaneous sexual intimacy with an unfamiliar partner without barrier contraception;
  • the appearance of pain, seals in the mammary gland, changes in areolas, nipples, skin;
  • imbalance of the endocrine sphere: weight gain, enlargement of the thyroid gland, diagnosed endocrine diseases during examination by an endocrinologist;
  • the absence of conception with regular sexual activity without the use of contraceptives;
  • signs of premenopause.

Preparation for conception should also take place with medical accompaniment. Before pregnancy, it is better for a woman to exclude dangerous infections, pathologies that can prevent her from bearing a child, and treat detected diseases. Planning pregnancy with a doctor is an important condition for a controlled situation in the most sensitive period, the birth of a healthy baby.

What diseases does a gynecologist treat?

A gynecologist performs the treatment of many diseases of the female genital area. Its competence includes the detection, therapy, prevention of pathologies of the female genital area, manipulations related to the treatment process, contraception, and diagnostics.

All gynecological diseases can be divided into three large groups.

1. Inflammatory, infectious diseases

  • Lower sections: bartholinitis, inflammation of the vulva, labia.
  • Middle sections: vaginitis, vaginosis.
  • Upper sections: adnexitis, salpingitis, pyosalpinx, endometritis.

In the same group – genitourinary infections, STDs, herpes, papilloma, cytomegalovirus. A gynecologist treats inflammatory complications after surgery, abortion, childbirth.

2. Disorders related to hormonal causes

  • early, late puberty girls;
  • failures of the menstrual cycle;
  • premenstrual syndrome;
  • pathological menopause;
  • endometriosis;
  • mastopathy;
  • problems of carrying a pregnancy;
  • hormonal failures at any age of a woman.

The gynecologist also performs diagnostics, treatment of infertility of the couple, determines the need for the use of assisted reproductive technologies.

3. Neoplasms

  • Benign tumors, tumor-like formations: fibroids, cysts, polycystic ovaries, fibroma, lipoma.
  • Malignant tumors: cancer of the vulva, vagina, cervix, body and membranes of the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes.

The gynecologist forms an individual diagnostic program based on the objective indications and complaints of the woman. If necessary, other specialists are involved in the examination and treatment of the patient.

How to Prepare for Your Gynecological Appointment

If a visit to the gynecologist is planned in a planned manner, it must be scheduled for the days immediately after menstruation.

Rules for preparing for admission:

  • For three days, eliminate intimacy, excessive exercise in sports, physical work, visiting the pool, taking a hot bath.
  • Before visiting the gynecology should take a warm shower. The perineal area should be washed with water only, without the use of hygienic detergents.
  • Before seeing a doctor, you must go to the toilet after emptying your bowels and bladder.

A visit to an emergency specialist is performed regardless of the day of the menstrual cycle.

At the reception, you should tell tell the gynecologist about the method of contraception, the drugs taken, including those prescribed by other specialists.

Priority directions in modern gynecology

Modern medicine can offer high-precision diagnostic methods and effective treatment programs for the restoration and preservation of women’s health.

The highest priority are:

  • Minimally invasive, high-tech, organ-preserving surgical treatment.
  • Reconstructive treatment of prolapse of the uterus, appendages, vaginal fornix.
  • Plastic surgery, intimate surgery.
  • Restoration and maintenance of a woman’s reproductive potential.
  • Rehabilitation after infectious and inflammatory processes, tumors.
  • Preventive procedures to maintain women’s health, aesthetics.

In the absence of complaints, a visit to the gynecologist should not be neglected. Exclusion of major pathologies, good test results will allow you to feel free and safe.

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